Bogota’s history goes back as far as 1538 when it was founded by the Spanish conquistador, Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada and named Santa Fe de Bogotá. After it gained independence, however, it was shortened to Bogota but was changed back to its full title again in 1991.
In 1740, the city was made the Capital of the Viceroyalty of New Granada and played a huge political role during the Colonial period. After the country won its independency from Spain in 1819, Bogota became the country’s capital.
The city is now the largest in Colombia and is also one of South America’s fastest growing metropolitan areas. After 1940, large numbers of rural Colombians migrated to Bogota in search of greater economic opportunities and the population rapidly grew. It currently stands at over six million, twenty times greater than the number of inhabitants just half a century ago. It is home to the National University of Colombia as well as several other universities making it the chief educational centre in the country.