By air: The nearest international airport to the city is Galileo Galilei which is located at Pisa, about one hour from Florence city centre but there is also a domestic terminal, Amerigo Vespucci, which lies just a few kilometres north of the city centre at Via del Termine. If you are flying to Florence from outside Italy, however, you will almost certainly fly into the Pisa terminal which is served by both European and domestic flights and has regular connections with London, Paris and Munich. Buses leave for the city centre at regular intervals between 5.55am and 8.00pm.
By train: Many visitors also arrive by train as Florence is on the main Rome-Milan line. It is also connected by rail to Venice, Trieste, Verona, Bologna and Pisa.
By bus: If you travel by bus from a destination outside of Italy you will arrive at the Lazzi station which has services which travel all over the continent. For internal connections, particularly those coming from Tuscany, you will arrive at the SITA station at Via Santa Caterina de Siena.
On foot: All of Florence's main sights are within walking distance of each other, making your feet the best mode of transport in the Tuscan capital.
By bus: Because the city itself is so small the only internal public transport system in Florence is its bus network which is run by ATAF. The main departure area for transport within the city centre is at the train station but you must buy your tickets before getting on the bus. These can be purchased at most tobacconists as well as in vending machines at the major stops. Services operate between 5.30am and 9.00pm with buses running between every 10 and 30 minutes depending on the significance of the route. There are also three night buses which operate until 12.30am or 1.00am – these are No. 67, 68 and 71 – and No.70 runs all night leaving Santa Maria Novella every hour.