Tourists from most countries around the world aren’t required to acquire a visa before entering Peru. Upon entering the country you are given a ‘Tourist Card’ which grants you entry into the country for 90 days.
Peru’s national currency is the Nuevo Sol (S/) which is divided into 100 céntimos. Notes come in denominations of S/10, S/20, S/50 and S/100. Coins circulating are 5c, 10c, 20c, 50c, S/1, S/2 and S/5.
Most businesses accept travellers cheques, and you will be able to change them without any trouble. Even though it is so easy to change travellers cheques, make sure and have some cash with you when you first arrive.
Spanish is the official language in Peru. Around Lima it is basically the only language spoken, although people working in the travel and hospitality industries usually speak English also.
Lima’s climate basically has two seasons. The first is from December to April which is the summer (average temperature 30°F) and second is May to November when temperatures drop (average temperature 14°-16°C).
Lima is the best place in Peru for medical services.
One of the city hospitals:
Clinica Anglo Americano
Av Salazar 3rd Block
There are pharmacies all over the city, and many of them are opened 24 hours a day. Don’t drink tap water or brush your teeth with it either.
It is advised before travelling to Peru that you get vaccinations for hepatitis A, typhoid fever and yellow fever.
Lima is 5 hours behind GMT.
Retail shops open at either 9 or 10am until 12pm and then again from 3 or 4pm until 8pm.
Banks open from 9.30am until 5pm without closing for lunch.
Business hours are generally between 9am and and 6pm.
The main tourist office is called ‘Infotour’ and can be found on Jirón de la Unión 1066. It opens from 9am to 6pm Mon-Fri and 10am-2pm at weekends.
Sales tax in Peru is 18% and is generally added to most bills.
220 volts AC/60cycles.
Lima’s main post office is northwest of Plaza Mayor in Pasaje del Correo.
Post offices in the city open 8am and close at 8.
People generally leave a 10% tip for staff in restaurants. Bilingual tour guides usually expect to be tipped also, although 5% is enough.
Peru’s national holidays are New Year’s Day (Jan 1st), Candlemas (Feb 2nd), Carnval (February/March), Easter (March/April), Labour Day (May 1st), Festival of the Cross (May 2nd/3rd), Corpus Christi (beginning of June), Inti Raymi/Winter Solstice (24th June), Virgin de Carmen (July 15th-17th), Independence (28th/29th July), Santa Rosa de Lima (August 30th), Battle of Angamos (Oct 8th), Lord of the Miracles (Oct 18th), All Saints Day (Nov 1st), All Souls Day (Nov 2nd), Feast of the Immaculate Conception (Dec 8th) and Christmas Day (Dec 25th).