With a population of approximately 1.3 million people, Milan is steeped in history but in recent times has become both the economic and fashion capital of Italy. This is reflected on the culture felt in the city as experiencing the atmosphere in Italy’s second city is a more modern experience than any other city in Italy.
Originally of Celtic origin, Milan was conquered by the Romans in 222BC. By the 4th and early 5th century Milan had become the capital of the Western Roman Empire and was also the religious capital for Northern Italy.
By the 12th century Milan became a free commune but during this time, and up until the 13th century the city suffered from internal warfare between the rich and the poor and also from hostility received from rival cities. These bad fortunes eventually resulted in the city’s destruction in 1163.
In more recent times, after WWII Milan headed Italy’s national reconstruction. Since then, the city located in the middle of the Po basin has emerged as the country’s financial, commercial and industrial centre. One of the main factors for this is that Milan is at the intersection of many major transportation routes.