Capital of Lithuania, the city of Vilnius is one of Europe’s most multinational – less than 60% of the city’s population are Lithuanian nationals. The remainder of the population are natives of Poland and Russia and Byelorussia.
According to folklore, the city was founded some time in the 1320s when a man called Gedimanas, was camping in the area where Vilnius is today and heard a group of wolves howling. He was so bowled over by the noise that he decided to found a town there.
It wasn’t until 1918 that Lithuania was officially declared as a public state, and once it was Vilnius was decided upon as the state’s capital city. At the time the city was dubious as to whether it actually belonged to Poland or Lithuania, but under the Paris Peace Conference it was officially declared a Lithuanian city.