Although the falls lie between Argentina, Paraguay and Brazil, Argentina is privileged to have most of them on their border. While it is recommended that you see them from both sides, you do need a visa to travel to Brazil and you will see more than enough to fascinate you while still in Argentina. They are located in the northwest of the Missiones and consist of 275 falls, some reaching as high as seventy metres. Added to this is the fact that they are surrounded by the National Park, a virgin jungle protecting over four hundred species of wildlife and over two thousand flora species.
The local area is also famous for its historic ruins of Jesuit missions which were built by San Ignacio Mini and attract thousands of visitors every year. And you should also avail of the variety of water sports which you can participate in above the falls. These include canoeing and kayaking so for all you water lovers, the falls have everything to offer.
Mar del Plata
If you are looking for a beach holiday, Mar del Plata, situated about four hundred kilometres from Buenos Aires, is where you need to book.With forty seven kilometres of Atlantic coastline, the only problem you will have is trying to decide which beach to choose from. The most popular are the Southern Beaches and the Lighthouse Beaches and the Punta Mogotes. The latter contains four kilometres of sand, twenty four different beach resorts and all the paraphernalia that comes attached – shops, restaurants and water sports, which are performed in the artificial lakes in the area. You should also visit the Sea Lions Reservation, built to protect the animals in question and the first of its kind in South America. This settlement is located on a little beach on the coast of the south pier. And, if you don’t fancy this reservation in particular, there are several others in the area, which focus on the protection of the natural flora and fauna of Argentina.
Located in the far south of Argentina, the Moreno Glacier is the main attraction in the Los Glaciares National Park. It is also probably the only glacier in the world to have been subjected to a major bombing mission. The reason for this was the fact that there was a change in climate in the area which resulted in the glacier moving, damming the Brazo Rico lake and causing grave concern for the inhabitants in the surrounding area. Unfortunately for the locals, the bomb was a complete disaster so this amazing feature is still there for your viewing pleasure. You will stop off at the isolated settlement of Calafate which is a desolate spot making its living from the tourists. You will probably only stay a few hours but it is definitely worthwhile and it is best viewed in December when the weather is warmer and frequent collapses occur along the sixty metre high and three mile wide glacier.
Tierra del Fuego (The Land of Fire)
This archipelago is located at the southern extreme of South America and ownership is shared by Argentina and Chile. It consists of one large and several tiny islands, separated by inlets and channels and is an area steeped in history and natural beauty. The first European to visit Tierra del Fuego was Ferdinand Magellan in 1520 and it was he who gave it its English name as a result of the beach fires the aborigines were making to cook and keep warm. While it is rather cold and bleak, the scenery is breathtaking and the Fjords on the Andean coastline along the Beagle Channel and the Strait of Magellan are as impressive as any of those in Scandinavia. Because the roads are so poor and there is no rail network, interconnection with the world outside is by sea or by air so it is not the easiest place to get to. The good news, however, is that if you do make it to Tierra del Fuego it will be well worth your trip.
Now that you are in the homeland of the soccer legend, Diego Maradonna, and in the country that have twice won the world cup it would be absolutely unforgivable not to check out some of the football games on offer in the cities throughout Argentina. The capital, Buenos Aires, is probably the best location to catch a soccer game. It has eight first division teams and standing room at one of these games will probably cost you around US$10. The most popular team in this part of the world is the Boca Juniors, although River Plate is also a favourite among the locals. Other sports on offer in the bigger cities include rugby, basketball, hockey, motor racing, cycling and tennis but none of these are quite as exciting or hold as much appeal for the Argentines as the beautiful game.
Tran a la Nubes (Train to the Clouds)
This is one of the top tourist attractions in Argentina but is a long day so be prepared. You start at the railway station in Salta where your train will leave at exactly 7.05am and take you on your ultimate destination almost thirteen thousand feet above sea level. The scream inducing driving begins almost immediately where you will zig zag your way up a mountain reversing up one way and going forward the other. You will be making three hundred and sixty degree turns to get round the worst bends. The bridges are also quite terrifying as you cannot actually see the tracks on either side as they are so narrow. While approaching your destination at La Polvorilla you will cross a suspended bridge that is almost six hundred feet above the river bed. So, you can see exactly how much of a challenge this journey will be to anyone with even the tiniest fear of height, it is definitely not one for the fainthearted.