Home to one of the Seven Wonders of the World and origin of the River Nile, Egypt is also home of one of the world’s oldest and most famous civilisations, which can be dated back as far as 4,000 years ago.
As its history dates back so long ago, it is usually divided into thirty dynasties. The most significant of these is the third dynasty which was when ‘sun worship’ first became a widely practiced religion, particularly among the upper class. But it was the kings of the fourth dynasty who built the famous pyramids.
Probably the most famous of all figures in the ancient Egyptian civilisation was not actually a leader herself, but the daughter of one. As the Roman civilisation began to overshadow the Egyptians, Cleopatra, daughter of Ptolemy XI, sought help in Julius Caesar and Marc Antony and tried to regain her country’s power which it had lost to the Romans.
Today Egypt enjoys a healthy tourism industry as the north coast of the country meets the Mediterranean Sea. It is also a well known diving and snorkelling destination as the Red Sea has a very lively marine life. It’s not surprising that it was one of the world’s first holiday destinations – the ancient Greeks and Romans used to go to Egypt for nothing else apart from to have a good time!