Norway has endured a troubled past from its Scandinavian neighbours. After centuries of raids and invasions from the Vikings, it was finally taken into union with Denmark in 1397. It remained under rule of the Danes until 1814 when it was being surrendered to Sweden. It was then that Norway opposed its surrender and drew up its own constitution.
Following this the Swedes swiftly invaded Norway themselves, but let them keep their constitution under the condition that they accepted their king. Norwegians weren't happy with this and after increasing nationalism, they eventually became a fully independent state in 1905.
Today, with a population of over 4 and a half million people, Norway relies heavily on its natural resources. These include petroleum, hydropower and fish. Sometimes it can depend too heavily on them as in 1999 35% of Norway's exports consisted of oil and gas.
In terms of travelling, Norway is one of the most spectacular countries in the world. Approximately ⅔ of the land is mountainous, and there are approximately 50,000 islands off the country's rugged coastline, which is one of the longest in the world.