Known throughout the world as the capital of the Inca empire, Peru has actually been inhabited since as far back as 20000BC as evidence at the Pikimachay cave has proven. As a result the number of ethnic groups in the country and the cultural diversity which exists is phenomenal.
While almost half of the twenty three million who currently populate the country are of Indian origins there are also significant percentages of European, African and Asian descendants living in Peru today. The customs, traditions and ways of every day life vary dramatically from region to region making it a fascinating destination. Ethnic art and crafts, architecture, music and dance, food and drink and anything else you can think off ensure that Peru remains one of the most colourful and interesting countries on the continent. Add to this the geographical diversity which include the snow capped Andes and the steamy Amazon rainforests and you know you’ve chosen a pretty special destination.
Geographically, Peru is divided into three main regions, each of which has its own collection of natural and man made attractions. The first is la Costa or the coastal region which is home to the largest portion of the country’s population and consists mainly of desert. The Andes or Sierra is the highest region in Peru and is full of mountains, valleys, glaciers, canyons and rivers so if you’re looking for an adventure holiday then this is the place. Finally the Amazon Basin or Selva is a tropical rainforest region which is home to a mere five per cent of the Peruvian population and offers visitors the ultimate jungle experience.
And if all of the above is not enough to entice you, consider the archaeological value of the country. The richest in South America with regard to the number of historical sites which it has to offer, these remainders of past centuries can be found throughout the country.