With the Hangang River flowing east to west through the city and the mountains stretching from the north, Seoul is definitely one city you don’t want to miss during your stay in South Korea. The centre is mostly flat, but beautiful, spectacular mountains are situated in the suburbs and serve as a refuge for Seoul citizens. Since Seoul is the capital city of Korea, there are plenty of great cultural establishments and government offices, including the first integrated Government Building, the constitutional court, the National Assembly, various courts of law and Cheongwadae (the Presidential residence).
Located about 450km southeast of Seoul, Busan is bordered with the blue sea of Pacific Ocean to the south and the estuary of Nakdonggang River to the west. The city has a number of exquisite beaches and hot springs along its coastlines, attracting millions of tourists every year. Although Busan is one of the most industrialized modern cities in Korea, the archeological evidence shows that the area has been inhabited since the Old Stone Age, approximately 15,000 years ago. History left many treasures to the city including Geumjeong Fortress, Beomeosa Temple and Chungnyeolsa Shrine. Most of all, however, it is the role Busan takes for Korea's international trade and commerce that gives Busan the vibrant and dynamic urban culture it enjoys today. Busan is one of the top five port cities in the world.
Gyeongju is home to some of the most precious treasures from Korea’s 5000-year history. A historic city with a population of 291,000 as of January 2001, Gyeongju is located 370 kilometres southeast of Seoul on an area of 1,323 square kilometres. Gyeongju is known to have been the capital of Silla when Park Hyeokgeose founded the nation in 57 B.C. A birthplace of Silla, it had been the political and cultural centre of the kingdom for 990 years since its establishment. The outstanding cultural assets remaining across the city such as Buddhist temples, gold crowns and sculptures still mesmerize visitors.
Located on the southwest seas off the Korean peninsula, Jeju Island is Korea's largest island, covering 1,845km2 in area. With its unspoiled natural beauty, unique cultural traditions, mild climate and well-developed infrastructure, Jeju Island has become one of Korea's most cherished tourist destinations. Korean people like to compare Jeju Island with Hawaii. Like Hawaii, Jeju was created by a volcanic eruption and many parts of the island are covered with dark volcanic rocks, sands and soil. On this egg-shaped island offshore waters are of the same aqua-turquoise colour as Hawaii's. And these colours in turn lap against the same type of black lava shelves, jagged outcroppings and steep cliffs rimming the islands of Hawaii. Simply, Jeju Island has more exotic natural than anywhere in Korea.